The associations Qosqo Maki and Pasa la Voz from Cusco, in collaboration with the French foundation Apprentis d’Auteuil, will take part of the 28th session of the Universal Periodic Review (UPR), that the UN state members submit every five years to the Human Rights Council. It is within this framework that we wrote the report called “Right to Autonomy and Recognition of the Skills of Vulnerable Children and Teenagers and/or in street situations in Cusco”, developed around two lines:
1) The right for vulnerable children/teenagers and/or in street situations to follow a technical formation.
2) The recognition of Community Education as an essential strategy for the integral formation of this population group.
In order to discuss more this report and to feed it with the participants’ observations, in May 31st, a first meeting took place in Cusco between different organizations working with vulnerable children and teenagers and/or in street situation. The second event, that will be held in Lima in July 5th, with the participation of the delegate Mr Edgar Américo Ochoa Pezo and the attendance of Mrs Lizbeth Velez, Human Rights Advisor at the UN Resident Coordinator Office in Peru, will enable the opening of a debate with the civil society and State representatives concerned by this situation of social injustice.
What is the UPR and what is its use? What has been the whole process so that Qosqo Maki had the opportunity to write this note?
What is UPR?
The Universal Periodic Review (UPR) is a unique mechanism of the Human Rights Council (HRC) aimed at improving the human rights situation on the ground of each of the 193 United Nations (UN) Member States. Policies of promotion and protection of social, economic, cultural and civil rights are examined.
Under this mechanism, the human rights situation of all UN Member States is reviewed every 5 years. 42 States are reviewed each year during three Working Group sessions that are usually held in January/February, May/June and October/November. The Peruvian case will be reviewed in November 2017. The UN countries in charge of the evaluation of Peru this year are Venezuela, Japan and Portugal.
What is the revision based on ?
Three main documents are used to realize a state examination:
- A 20-page national report written by the examined State about the human rights situation in the country.
- A 10-page collection prepared by the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights that gathers the information given by the treaty bodies, Special Procedures and UN agencies such as UNDP and UNICEF.
- A 10-page summary written by the High Commissioner for Human Rights (HCHR) that contains the information of the civil society. As part of this summary, Qosqo Maki, with the cooperation of the Apprentis d’Auteuil foundation, that has a special advisory status before UN Economic and Social Council, had the opportunity to take part of this process, and, in that way, could set out its preoccupations and present its recommendations in order to better the application of human rights.
What is the UPR for?
- To better human rights situation.
- To highlight human right abuses when it happens, with clear examples : concretes situations perpetrated by authorities or private individuals, not respected law, etc…
How do we process?
- From December 2016 to March 2017: Drafting of the report focusing on 2 main topics: enterprise training and community education. We beneficiated from the recommendations of Swiss Apprentis d’Auteuil technical advisors. It was a very laborious work that required a true commitment, but very rewarding.
- March 23th, 2017: Publication of the report by the Swiss advisors on the UN website.
- May 2017: Meeting with the Peruvian ambassador of Switzerland, Mr Basagoita who, in November 2017, will be in charge of responding to the assessment process of the Peruvian State in Geneva to the Human Right Council. We had the opportunity to share our worries and expose our recommendations. Thanks to the ambassador’s attentions, he gave us his support by considering these topics in his agenda.
- Since the end for March until September 2017: Communication and diffusion process of the report. We are organizing seminars in Cusco and Lima with educators, homes’ directors, civil associations and representatives of authorities, in order to inform, exchange and discuss the two topics of the note. We hope that the report will be spread on a larger scale after these meetings.
- In July: Mrs Chupin, Swiss technical advisor, will visit different embassies members of the Human Right Council to present them the report and find a technical support so that these countries representatives can submit these themes during their own evaluation.
The organizing associations hope, through the circulation of the note, make visible the situation of vulnerable children and teenagers and/or in street situation in the city of Cusco.